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Common Issues and Solutions of Powder Coating

Views: 0     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2023-09-19      Origin: Site


Powder coating has become a popular finishing process for various industries due to its durability, versatility, and eco-friendliness. However, like any other coating method, challenges may arise during the powder coating process. This article aims to address the common issues encountered and provide effective solutions, ensuring a successful powder coating application.


1. Poor Adhesion:

Issue: Insufficient adhesion of the powder coating to the surface, leading to premature peeling or flaking.



- Thoroughly clean and prepare the surface before applying the powder coating. Remove any grease, oil, rust, or previous coating.

- Utilize suitable surface treatment methods such as sandblasting, chemical etching, or mechanical abrasion to enhance adhesion.

- Ensure the powder coating is applied within the recommended thickness and cured at the correct temperature and duration.


2. Orange Peel Effect:

Issue: The powder coating surface appears rough, resembling the texture of an orange peel.



- Adjust the powder spray gun settings, such as powder flow rate, air pressure, and atomization, to achieve a more uniform powder deposition.

- Optimize the curing process, ensuring the correct temperature and duration to allow the coating to flow and level out properly.

- Consider utilizing a leveling additive or medium for improved surface smoothness, as recommended by the powder coating manufacturer.


3. Color Variation:

Issue: Inconsistent color appearance across the coated surface, resulting in noticeable variations.



- Conduct regular color checks to ensure accuracy and consistency. Use color measurement devices and compare the readings to the established color standards.

- Standardize powder coating application parameters, including gun-to-target distance, film thickness, and curing conditions.

- Avoid excessive powder reclaim and reuse, as it may lead to color contamination.


4. Pinholes and Pitting:

Issue: Small holes or pits present on the powder coating surface, compromising its appearance and potentially causing corrosion.



- Address any surface contaminants or inconsistencies that may contribute to the formation of pinholes, such as moisture, oil, or dust.

- Optimize the powder coating application technique, ensuring proper grounding, even powder flow, and uniform coverage.

- Consider using powder coatings formulated specifically to reduce pinholes and pitting.


5. Poor Gloss or Gloss Variation:

Issue: The powder coating lacks the desired gloss level or exhibits uneven gloss across the surface.



- Ensure a clean and well-prepared substrate free from defects that may affect gloss appearance.

- Confirm that the cure temperature and duration are within the recommended range, as improper curing can result in gloss reduction.

- Adjust the powder coating formulation if necessary, choosing a powder with the desired gloss properties.


By understanding and addressing these common issues encountered in powder coating, businesses can achieve consistent and high-quality results. Proper surface preparation, application techniques, and adherence to manufacturer guidelines are crucial for overcoming these challenges. Remember, a successful powder coating application not only enhances the appearance but also provides superior protection to the coated product.


Jinhu Color has 30 years of experience in powder coatings production, feel free to contact us for your powder coating needs.